This is an area rich in art and history, where musicians such as Mascagni and painters like Modigliani were
born, and where Livorno-born Giovanni Fattori, helped found the Macchiaioli school. Permanent collections
and internationally significant exhibitions keep this important heritage alive.
institutions such as the CEL, Armunia and the Mascagni Musical Institute play an important role in promoting culture.
History lives on in the medieval towns and villages of Bolgheri, Populonia, Castagneto Carducci, Bibbona,
Suvereto and Campiglia Marittima, small gems set among green hills and woods, a stone's throw from the sea.
Livorno was planned in the 1500's by the Medici as an "ideal city" and still preserves reminders of its
past, such as the historical "Venice" quarter, the Fortresses, and the navigable canals which surround the
town centre. Churches of various religious faiths can be visited in this town, which has strong cosmopolitan